The Global Tobacco Surveillance System (GTSS) aims to enhance country capacity to design, implement, and evaluate tobacco control interventions, and monitor key articles of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and components of the WHO MPOWER technical package. GTSS includes the collection of data through four surveys:
- Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS);
- Global School Personnel Survey (GSPS);
- Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS) and
- Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS).
GYTS focuses on youth aged 13-15 and collects information in schools. GSPS surveys teachers and administrators from the same schools that participate in the GYTS. GHPSS focuses on 3rd year students pursuing degrees in dentistry, medicine, nursing and pharmacy. GATS is a nationally representative household survey that monitors tobacco use among adults aged 15 years and older.
GATS India is conducted as a household survey of persons aged 15 years and above. The first round of GATS was conducted in 2009-10 and second round in 2016-17. GATS provides information on respondents’ background characteristics, tobacco use (smoking and smokeless), cessation, second hand smoke exposure, economics, media, and knowledge, attitudes and perceptions towards tobacco use. GATS enhances countries’ capacity to design, implement and evaluate tobacco control policies and programs. It also assists countries to fulfil their obligations under the WHO FCTC to generate comparable data within and across countries.
The prevalence of any form of tobacco use (for persons aged 15 years and above) has decreased significantly by six percentage points from 34.6 percent (GATS-1, 2009-10) to 28.6 percent (GATS-2, 2016-17).The number of tobacco users has reduced by about 81 lakh (8.1 million).
Link: Report of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey-2; and State Fact Sheets